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Title: Quantum Physics; Bose Einstein condensate
Description: In the July 14, 1995 issue of Science magazine, researchers from JILA reported achieving a temperature far lower than had ever been produced before and creating an entirely new state of matter predicted decades ago by Albert Einstein and Indian physicist Satyendra Nath Bose. Cooling rubidium atoms to less than 170 billionths of a degree above absolute zero caused the individual atoms to condense into a "superatom" behaving as a single entity. The graphic shows three-dimensional successive snap shots in time in which the atoms condensed from less dense red, yellow and green areas into very dense blue to white areas. JILA is jointly operated by NIST and the University of Colorado at Boulder.

*PHY, JILA, Bose Einstein, cooling atoms, quantum physics, superatom, condensed atoms, Bouder

See also http://www.nist.gov/public_affairs/gallery/bosein.htm.
Subjects (names):
Topics/Categories: Quantum Physics--Condensates
Type: Graphic/scientific data
Source: National Institute of Standards and Technology
Credit Line as it should
appear in print:
NIST/JILA/CU-Boulder
AV Number: 95PHY001
Date Created: 1995
Date Entered: 11/3/2006

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